El presente simple en inglés

We use the simple present tense when it happens regularly (or unceasingly,
which is why it’s sometimes called present indefinite).
Simple Present Tense indicates an action which happens in the present, but
it isn’t necessary for actions to happen right now. Simple present tense
indicates, unchanging situations, general truths, scientific facts, habits,
fixed arrangements and frequently occurring events.

Por Jeff Figueroa

For example
● I feel great!
● Pauline loves pie

The other is to talk about habitual actions or occurrences.
● Pauline practices the piano every day.
● Ms. Jackson travels during the summer.
● Hamsters run all night.

Typically, when we want to describe a temporary action that is currently in
progress, we use the present continuous: Pauline can’t come to the phone
right now because she is brushing her teeth.

Expressions used with the Present Simple

Frequency adverbs: always, usually, often, sometimes, rarely, never
(they are placed before the main verb)

Time expressions: every day / week / Friday…
on Mondays / Sundays…
at the weekend…
in the morning / afternoon…
in winter / spring…
once a day / week…

Third person singular

We add –s to the verb to form the third
person singular (he, she, it).
I drink – he drinks
I run – he runs


• We add –es to verbs that end in –ss,-sh, -ch, -x, -o.
I watch – he watches

• With verbs ending in consonant + y,
we change the –y to –ies.
I cry – he cries

But with verbs ending in vowel + y,

we just add –s as usual.
I play – he plays

We use other question words ( Like Who, What, Why , How much / many,
How often etc.) in present tense.
Question Words (who, what, why, how much / many, how often etc.) + do
/ does + subject pronoun ( he, she, it, I, you, we, they) + V1 ( First Form of
Verb )
• How often does he call you?
• Why do you always do this?
• How much does it cost?



Question Words (who, what, why, etc.) + V1 / V (-s,-es,-ies) + object
pronouns ( me, you, him, her,it, us, them)
• Who gives him a scholarship?
• What makes you angry?


The auxiliaries DO and DOES for emphasis

In the present simple, the auxiliaries do and does (in the third person
singular) followed by the bare infinitive form of the main verb can be used
in affirmative sentences to express emphasis. In speech, the auxiliary is

● We do want to help you.
● Diego does work hard.
● But I really do love you, baby!

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